Breast cancer is one of the deadliest diseases today that greatly affects women. It is classified into various types depending on the genetic makeup, aggressiveness and stages. When patients are provided with the best treatments available, they have a 10 percent to 98 percent of surviving this serious disease. In addition to all these important details, it is interesting to know something about the history of this illness including who discovered breast cancer.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women around the world. It has been widely studied throughout history. In fact, research on breast cancer has helped pave the way for breakthroughs in other types of cancer research. But other findings and treatments have remained the same for years.
Researchers are continually working to find better ways to treat all stages of breast cancer. Several studies offer very early results on a number of new ways to treat breast cancer. Some of these studies were phase I studies, which means the potential treatment is tested in a very small group of people less than to make sure it's safe and figure out a safe dosage, and to evaluate side effects.
That was the case with Mary-Claire King, professor of genome sciences and of medicine at University of Washington. King discovered the region on the genome that eventually became known as BRCA1, the first gene linked to a higher than average chance of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer. While it seems obvious now that genes can be tied to cancer, at the time King conducted her studies, the idea was too radical to have many supporters. But King was used to being unusual.